By John Perlin
A latest view of the results of wooden, as used for development and gasoline, and of deforestation at the improvement of civilization. until eventually the ascendancy of fossil fuels, wooden has been the valuable gas and development fabric from the sunrise of civilization. Its abundance or shortage drastically formed, as A woodland Journey ably relates, the tradition, demographics, economic climate, inner and exterior politics, and expertise of successive societies over the millennia.
The book's accomplished insurance of the most important function forests have performed in human life--told with grace, fluency, mind's eye, and humor—gained it attractiveness as a Harvard vintage in technology and global historical past and as one among Harvard's "One-Hundred nice Books." Others receiving the distinction contain such luminaries as Stephen Jay Gould and E. O. Wilson. This new paperback version will upload a prologue and an epilogue to mirror the present state of affairs during which forests became significant for humanity's survival.
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Extra resources for A Forest Journey: The Story of Wood and Civilization
After a year or so, a hen is worn out. Her natural life span is up to 10 years but due to intensive laying – she will have produced more than 300 – her eggs have become watery and no longer meet industry standards. Egg-laying hens do not see natural daylight until this point, when they are transported to the slaughterhouse. They can be legally transported without food and water for up to 72 hours. Because continual egg-laying causes a weakening of the bones, a hen may well break a limb during transport.
On the ‘kill floor’, the hens are hung upside-down on an assembly line, and depending on where they have been raised, they may be slaughtered after being stunned with an electrical current or while fully conscious. n Source: 1 Nathan Noblis, ‘The Abuse of Science by Canadian and US Egg Industries’, Two Days of Thinking About Animals (conference), Brock University, 2005. 34 the huge corporation would force them to give up their traditional farming methods. The head of the Polish Farmers’ Union, who supported the Government’s decision, said: ‘These are concentration camps for hogs… We had concentration camps in Poland before.
Downed’ animals must be humanely euthanased and facilities that fail to do this can be prosecuted for cruelty. Oregon and Washington have implemented similar laws and New York is currently considering a downed animal bill. On a national level, USDA has also implemented a ban on the transport of downed cattle. In 2002, Florida set a precedent in the US by banning sow stalls and New Jersey agreed to create humane standards protocol for all farm animals. Humane standards Responding to campaigns, some of the largest fast food chains, such as McDonald’s, Burger King and 47 Food animals Wendy’s have agreed to implement humane standards at their slaughterhouses that exceed national guidelines (Yum Foods, which owns KFC and Taco Bell, has resisted these efforts).
A Forest Journey: The Story of Wood and Civilization by John Perlin